| Twenty Most Common Chemicals|
Found in Thirty-One Fragrance Products
Study by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 1991*
Reference: Lance Wallace, EPA; Phone 703.648.4287
Symptoms of exposure are taken from industry-generated Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Compiled by Julia Kendall (1935 - 1997); distributed by EHN, 415.541.5075
Julia's statistical information is now dated. For example, when I put her Twenty Most Common ... into one-page flyer format for her in the early 1990s, it referred to 10 million people living with asthma. But that number continued to soar, as it still does. The longer our government agencies choose to ignore those already disabled by these products, the more our numbers grow. According to CDC's FastStats, "Approximately 17.6 million adults (18 and over) were told that they had asthma (1997)." An October 2002 communication from ALA Calif. had it at over 24 million diagnosed with asthma at some point in their lives.
Want to do something? Write to your representatives about legislation, and to the FDA. See SNIFF and FDA Citizens' Petition 99P-1340 -- barb
CNS = Central Nervous System -- YOUR brain and spine. CNS disorders include: Alzheimer's disease, Attention Deficit Disorder, Dementia, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
CNS exposure symptoms include -- aphasia, blurred vision, disorientation, dizziness, headaches, hunger, memory loss, numbness in face, pain in neck and spine.
Note, I do not have the MSDS from which Julia worked. I've built links to those I've found. (If you choose to use Aldrich MSDS, register first.) Another page that may prove interesting to you is: Noveon Kalama Products and their Uses. -- barb
1,8-CINEOLE; b-CITRONELLOL; b-MYRCENE; NEROL; OCIMENE; b-PHENETHYL ALCOHOL; a-TERPINOLENE
However, additional information is available through IMMUNE --
Note: Julia Kendall lived and worked with MCS and leukemia as a result of inadvertent Malathion spraying in southern California. She left us July 12, 1997, but her work lives on.
Just remember, that the statistics change -- ever climbing -- because people do not change their dependence upon superfluous toxins in such commonly used products around the home and workplace as synthetic fertilizers, fragrances and pesticides. Caveat Emptor! -- barb; 11/26/00
You'll want to know --
Note: Julia Kendall lived and worked with MCS and leukemia as a result of inadvertent Malathion spraying in southern California. She left us July 12, 1997, but her work lives on. Just remember, that the statistics change -- ever climbing -- because people do not change their dependence upon superfluous toxins in such commonly used products around the home and workplace as synthetic fertilizers, fragrances and pesticides. Caveat Emptor! -- barb
Twenty Most Common Chemicals . . . and Some of Their Effects, a graphic
Additional information from WHO -- barb
Concise International Chemical Assessment Document, No. 5
A concise assessment of the risks to human health posed by exposure to limonene, a chemical released to the atmosphere in large amounts from certain trees and bushes as well as from anthropogenic sources. In industry, limonene is used as a solvent in degreasing metals prior to industrial painting, for cleaning in the electronic and printing industries, and as a solvent in paint. The compound is also used as a flavour and fragrance additive in food, household cleaning products, and perfumes.
The document is part of a new series of brief reports aimed at the characterization of hazards and dose-response for exposures to selected industrial chemicals. With this goal in mind, documents focus on studies and findings considered critical for risk characterization.
In experimental animals exposed to limonene, the liver is the principal target organ; exposure affects the amount and activity of different liver enzymes, liver weight, cholesterol levels, and bile flow. Studies indicate that limonene is not genotoxic and has no teratogenic or embryotoxic potential. No case reports or epidemiological studies were available for the evaluation of health effects in humans.
For the general population, food is identified the principal source of exposure. The report established a guidance value for the ingestion of limonene of 0.1 mg/kg body weight per day. The report further concluded that, at current estimated levels of intake, limonene in food does not represent a significant risk to human health.
Environmental Health Criteria, No. 164
Evaluates the risks to human health and the environment posed by exposure to methylene chloride. Due to its volatility, stability, and properties as a solvent, methylene chloride is widely used in aerosols, paint removers, the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, polyurethane foam manufacturing, and metal cleaning. Virtually all atmospheric release of this chemical result from its use as an end-product by various industries, combined with the use of paint removers and aerosol products at home. The general public is exposed to methylene chloride primarily through the use of consumer products, such as paint removers, which can result in relatively high indoor levels.
The most extensive sections evaluate the toxicity of methylene chloride in experimental animals and humans, giving particular attention to studies indicating carcinogenic potential in some species. Studies indicate that methylene chloride is rapidly absorbed through the lung and gastrointestinal tract, is distributed throughout the body, and rapidly excreted via the lungs. The main toxic effects in exposed humans are reversible central nervous system depression and carboxyhaemaglobin formation. Studies have also reported liver and renal dysfunctions, haematological effects, and neurophysiological and neurobehavioural disturbances. Although several studies have investigated the link between human exposure to methylene chloride and cardiovascular disease and cancer, the report cites several inadequacies in these studies and concludes that no firm link with either cardiovascular disease or cancer can be made.
Concerning risks to the environment, the report concludes that, with the exception of accidental spills, use of methylene chloride has no significant impact on the environment.
Feel free to copy and post, just please credit Julia Kendall.
Return to The Work of Julia Kendall
Flyer: Perfume bottle . . . with symptoms coming out as "spray"
Twenty Most Common Chemicals . . . and Some of Their Effects
Feel free to use this graphic -- set printer to "landscape" and print
page 1 through page 1; it should work. (Design idea by barb, blessed by Julia.)
Other flyers by Julia Kendall:
Fabric Softeners = Health Risks From Dryer Exhaust and Treated Fabrics
Complementary information in roughly chronological order:
- Julia's 'Twenty Most ..." has been in circulation as one-page flyers
since I first worked with her in 1992. Please keep that in mind as you
read Julia's low numbers for asthma.
- FDA Petition 99P-1340 - May 1999
(with analyses and FDA contact information)
Still open and accepting letters, notes and/or documentation
- "FDA has little or no information that would support actions to raise public
awareness of possible health risks associated with the use of fragranced products."
(FDA/Website Management Staff; Web page updated by clb 1999-JUL-16.
Note: still present 03/27/03. bw)
- The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Has recognized fragrance products and pesticides as
Common Indoor Air Pollutants
- Perfume: Cupid's Arrow or Poison Dart?, Feb. 7, 2000
Joint press release: Dr. Samuel Epstein's Cancer Prevention Coalition and EHN
- Perfumers World and their "Materials Used In Perfumery"
- John Bailey PhD, the former head of FDA's cosmetics branch,
is now with the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association (CTFA),
having joined them January 2002.
- Scents and sensitivities
What to know before buying a Valentine¼s Day perfume
By Francesca Lyman; Feb. 6, 2002; MSNBC CONTRIBUTOR
- Not Too Pretty
July 10, 2002
A report on phthalates, a commonly used fragrance chemical,
but not the only one that poses risks. -- barb
- What the nose knows
Think twice before buying a loved one perfume, cologne
By Francesca Lyman; MSNBC CONTRIBUTOR; Feb. 12, 2003
Also visit the work of Betty Bridges, RN
Or visit Betty's site directly: Fragranced Products Information Network
"Fragrance: Emerging Health and Environmental Concerns"
By Betty Bridges, RN
EHN's home page (http://www.ehnca.org)